Third Reich (1933-1945)

The Third Reich, name for Germany, under the rule of Adolph Hitler and the Nazi Party, from 1933 to 1945. German for "Third Empire".
Stamps of the Third Reich and related World War II stamp collecting subjects are very popular areas with both stamp collectors and philatelists. The stamps issued during this period are colorful, plentiful, and make wonderful looking displays. They offer the collector, not only postage stamps, but also a multitude of other collectible ephemera of the era. Related collectibles are booklets, postal cards, colorful propaganda postcards and labels, civilian postal history, and a multitude of military postal history items.

Revenue, Ration and Nazi Party Stamps

The revenue sheets were given to me by a dear friend. Thank you so much R.

 Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia was formed when Nazi Germany concluded its annexation of Czechoslovakia.The occupation of Czechoslovakia was initially relatively benign, except for among Jews and other persecuted groups. On September 27, 1941 SS Officer Reinhard Heydrich was appointed to govern the territory. Even harsher repression began immediately. Mass arrests and executions became more common and a ghetto was established for the Jews of the territory. On June 4, 1942 Heydrich was assassinated, which resulted in reprisals. Czech losses resulting from political persecution and deaths in concentration camps totaled between 36,000 and 55,000. The Jewish population of Bohemia and Moravia (118,000 according to the 1930 census) was virtually annihilated. More than 70,000 were killed; 8,000 survived at Terezín. The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia began to issue postage stamps in 1939, at the beginning of the German occupation. Due to the very sudden German occupation, the quick establishment of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, there was no time to design and print a new series of postage stamps. As a result, beginning in July 1939, the contemporary stamps of the former nation of Czechoslovakia were overprinted for use in the new Protectorate of Bohemia & Moravia. At the end of July 1939, the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia began issuing their own postage stamp designs. The non-denominated stamp in Bohemia and Moravia in July 1943 for use on parcels being sent to the Theresienstadt concentration camp in Bohemia. The design depicts a rather pleasing looking pastoral landscape -- kind of sad and ironic, considering the incredibly horrible reality of the place that it was supposed to represent. In May 1945, Germany surrendered to the Allied forces, and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, along with the state of Slovakia, once again became the Republic of Czechoslovakia.

German-Occupied Countries

Every country in Europe except Britain, Ireland, Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Sweden, Finland, Turkey in Europe and Bulgaria was occupied by Nazi Germany.

Italy was part of the Axis, but when Italy became an unwilling ally it was occupied. Finland, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria were Axis allies. Of these countries, Hungary and parts of Romania were occupied. In addition, a large part of Italy after the country changed sides in 1943, and Hungary in 1944-45.The Germans also occupied all of North Africa west of Egypt.

During the course of World War II German authorities issues stamps in Albania, Alsace, Belgium, Channel Islands, Estland, parts of France, Kotor, Kurland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland (General Government), parts of Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Zante, and Zara

The Generalgouvernment was the German name for the puppet state that was formed from the central part of the former nation of Poland during World War II. The brutal German occupation of Poland from 1939 to 1945, along with unprecedented atrocities the Polish people were subjected to by the Nazis, was one of the most horrific periods of 20th Century history. The first stamps, for what would be the Generalgouvernment of Poland, were issued, beginning December 1, 1939. These stamps were overprinted "Deutsche Post / OSTEN", which literally means "Eastern German Mail". Up until the Spring of 1940, the use of the regular postage stamps of the Third Reich was also tolerated in the new territory.
These remained valid for postage until the Fall of 1940, though the first official issues of the new territory, inscribed "General / Gouvernement", would appear in August of 1940.


German occupation of Sudetenland

German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945) began with the Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia's northern and western border regions, known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler's pretext for this effort was the alleged privations suffered by the ethnic German population living in those regions. New and extensive Czechoslovak border fortifications were also located in the same area.

 Post War Overprints,Locals And Allied Occupation

Booklet and Meter Stamps

Zusammendrucke Stamps - Setenant combinations of stamps and labels is a very popular collecting area. As Scott catalogs for the most part ignore these issues, a Michel Germany catalog is required to collect and organize these issues.

Occupied France - Alsace (Elsaß)

This set of overprinted German stamps was issued on August 15, 1940, for use in the newly occupied Alsace region. They were valid for postage until December 31, 1941, when they were replaced by the postage stamps of the Third Reich.
Occupied France - Lorraine (Lothringen)

This set of overprinted German stamps was issued on August 21, 1940, for use in the newly occupied Lorraine region. They were valid for postage until December 31, 1941, when they were replaced by the postage stamps of the Third Reich.After World War II, the Lorraine region was returned to France, and French postage stamps have been used there since then.
French Volunteer Legion Labels

On 20 April 1942, a set of five labels each with a surtax of One Franc, were issue to commemorate the 130th Napoleonic Anniversary of the battle of Borodino in Russia. One million sets were printed. This interesting Legion set shows Frenchmen in combat. On one of the combat scenes shows French Legionnaires with the NAZI salute honoring Napoleon's Grand Army Grenadiers.
Estonia, Latvia, Ostland, Ukraine

These countries were "liberated" from Soviet control with the first phase of Operation Barbarossa June through December 1941. Much of the population initially welcomed the Germans, but this soon changed under the Germans' harsh occupation. Stamps issued during occupation included both newly printed issues, over-printing of former Soviet, and German Hitler, issues. The Soviets retook the Baltic countries from the Germans during the Baltic Offensive, September 14 - November 24, 1944.
WWII Italy

Issued for Adolf Hitler’s visit to Rome, in 1941. Showing the Fascist symbols of Italy and the 3rd Reich on the low values and an Italian and German soldier on the high values, the stamps depict both Fuhrers facing each other.

 Guernsey Island, Jersey Island

Occupation of Guernsey Island Apr. 1941-44 and Jersey Island Apr. 1941-42. Showing Channel Islands Coat of Arms.
WWII Hungary Red Cross stamps 1944

Commemorative issue with surtax to the benefit of the Hungarian Red Cross. Showing a Nurse and soldier, Soldier with bayonet, Kneeling nurse and Le less soldier.
1942 Serbian Anti-Jewish, Anti-Masonic Propaganda issued for an anti-Masonic exposition. The stamps use the Star of David as a devil-type symbol to vilify the Masons. Four stamps: Jew being struck down by the light of “truth,” Snake with star of David on skin, Serb symbols striking at the heart of the Soviet Union, and Serb toppling religious pillars. Blatant propaganda issue. Following the Nazi example, the Independent State of Croatia established extermination camps and perpetrated an atrocious genocide killing over 750.000 Serbs, Jews and Gypsies.By the end of 1944, with the help of the Red Army the Partisans liberated Serbia and by May 1945 the remaining Yugoslav territories, meeting up with the Allied forces in Hungary, Austria and Italy. Serbia and Yugoslavia were among the countries that had the greatest losses in the war: 1.700.000 people were killed. and national damages were estimated at 9.1 billion dollars according to the prices of that period.
Luxembourg 1940 - 1944
These stamps were issued on October 1, 1940, after the German occupation of Luxembourg.

The overprint "Luxemburg" was applied to the Germany 1933 Hindenburg definitive issues, which were perforated and watermarked swastikas.

 WWII German Occupied Netherlands

This stamp set was issued on November 1st 1942 by the Netherlands under German occupation. The stamps depict a soldier of the Netherlands legion fighting in Russia. The surtax was to aide the legion.

Azad Hind stamps

The Azad Hind Stamps are a set of Cinderella stamps in six different designs produced in 1943 in Nazi Germany for Subhas Chandra Bose's Azad Hind (Indian National Army).[1] The Indian Postal Department includes these six unused Azad Hind Stamps in its commemorative book India's Freedom Struggle through India Postage Stamps.